National Youth Day in India is observed on his birthday, 12 January.
Social Philosophy of Swami Vivekananda by Amulya Ranjan Mohapatra
He is projected as a role model for youth by the Indian government as well as non-government organisations. This nation is currently celebrating the th birth anniversary of Vivekananda and the Government of India has decided to join in the celebrations by organizing seminars, opening chairs in his same and declaring his birthday as National Youth Day.
There is an added cause for happiness. In recent times, academic and quasi-academic writing, especially on spiritual figures in India, has been the subject of fierce and protracted controversy. In his lifetime and thereafter, the life and work of Vivekananda himself has often been superficially understood and ideologically appropriated. Thus, one has heard of the Left interpreting sanyas as parasitic and the Right quite indefensibly treating some of ideas as the building blocks for Hindutva. The new danger that now seems to have arisen is from the institution that has hitherto closely and ably guarded his legacy: the Ramakrishna Mission itself, which, is getting increasingly selective about which aspects of his life and work to project and in what manner.
This biography was written with a non-specialist reader in mind and any comparison with works of scholarship would be quite unwarranted.
Over the years, I have come to realize that readers prefer handling short critical works to those that appear somewhat intimidating on account of their lengths, citations, quotations or rigorous academic. This would explain the decision of generally keep out detailed notes and citations as a part of this text. For the benefit of the reader who seeks to go beyond this book, I have given a list though, again, this is by no means exhaustive. I claim here no great originality in writing this book.
Instead, I have digested the existing literature on the subject and written the book with my own focus on Vivekananda as an icon of mass churning and upsurge in the society, to make Indians rise above their petty local, linguistic and caste loyalities and to commit ourselves into a vedantic society.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
He was a key figure in the introduction of Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the western world, and was credited with raising interfaith awareness, bringing Hinduism to the status of a major world religion in the late 19th century. He was a major force in the revival of Hinduism in India, and contributed to the notion of nationalism in colonial India.
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He was the chief disciple of the 19th century saint Ramakrishna and the founder of the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission. Swami Vivekananda whose pre-monkhood name was Narendra Nath Datta or Naren for short, belonged to an aristocratic section of the Kshatriya caste of Bengal. He belonged to a traditional Bengali Kayastha family. Vishwanath Datta had a liberal, progressive outlook on social and religious matters. Before the birth of Narendra, she prayed for a son and asked a relative at Varanasi to make religious offerings to the god Shiva.
According to traditional accounts, Bhuvaneswari Devi had a dream in which Shiva said that he would be born as her son.
NATIONAL SEMINAR ON SWAMI VIVEKANANDA: HIS PHILOSOPHY & THOUGHT ON POLITICS, SOCIETY & LITERATURE
He learnt the power of self-control from his mother. Be very tranquil, but when necessary, harden your heart. He would often visualise a light while falling asleep and had a vision of Gautama Buddha during his meditation. During his childhood, he was fascinated by the wandering ascetics and monks. Narendra had a wide range of scholarship in philosophy, religion, history, the social sciences, arts, literature, and other subjects.
He regularly participated in physical exercise, sports, and organisational activities. Even when he was young, he questioned the validity of superstitious customs and discrimination based on caste and refused to accept anything without rational proof and pragmatic test. Narendra joined the Metropolitan Institution of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar in and studied there till when his family moved to Raipur. His family returned to Calcutta two years later.
In after his family moved back to Calcutta, Narendra passed the entrance examination from the Presidency College, Calcutta. In he passed the Fine Arts examination and in he completed a Bachelor of Arts degree. Alongside his study of Western philosophers, he was thoroughly acquainted with Indian Sanskrit scriptures and many Bengali works. According to his professors, Narendra was a student prodigy.
I have travelled far and wide but I have never come across a lad of his talents and possibilities, even in German universities, among philosophical students. His initial beliefs were shaped by Brahmo concepts, which included belief in a formless God and deprecation of the worship of idols. This prompted some of his students, including Narendra, to visit Ramakrishna. Narendra said about this first meeting:. I crept near to him and asked him the question which I had been asking others all my life.
I began to go to that man, day after day, and I actually saw that religion could be given. One touch, one glance, can change a whole life. Verify the characters on the left. Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts. Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written religious articles and product discounts. Your interests Optional.
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About years after Vyasa, Buddha separated out the philosophical and moral teachings of the Vedic tradition and created a line of thought free from the traditional stories and rituals. This got good acceptance among some scholars and kings. Around the same time, similar attempt was done by Mahavira. Buddhism found great acceptance outside Bharatavarsha also. But common man everywhere needed stories and rituals.
The respective local stories and rituals were retained outside Bharatavarsha. A new set of stories and rituals arose around Buddha and Mahavira within Bharatavarsha. About years after Buddha and Mahavira, came Adi Shankara. He took much of the philosophical and religious developments in Buddhism, Jainism, Tantra and other sects, and merged them back into the Vedic tradition and that resulted in a rejuvenated Hinduism. Also, previously marginalized and isolated societies within India came into close touch with the mainstream culture.
All these resulted in a great upheaval. Several sects of various sizes came up. Some merged into other sects. Some vanished naturally without followers. Overall, it was a very active period. About years after Adi Shankara, the Indian society needed one more consolidation of philosophies and ideas. A large number of practices were irrelevant to the new times. The best ideas scattered over various sects had to be collected together and put together to give a new direction to the society and culture.
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