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If you consult Wikipedia or Catholic Encyclopedia, or more popular digital publications such as Buzzfeed and History. But if you dig a bit deeper to read the ancient documents, another Valentine appears. In fact, it turns out there were quite a few Valentines in the Roman Empire. It seems that three different martyrs named Valentinus died on 14 February during the reign of Emperor Claudius Gothicus r— ; none of whom married Christian couples or carried messages between jailed Christians. One was a general stationed in Africa. We know nothing more about him.
The second was Bishop Valentinus of Terni, a town about 70 miles northeast of Rome; and the third was a Roman priest. According to the vitae hagiographies of the latter two, they both performed miraculous cures, debated with pagan jailors, and lost their heads in Rome. According to his fifth- or sixth-century hagiographer, Bishop Valentinus of Terni was summoned to Rome sometime in the s to cure the son of a rhetor [or orator] named Craton, who kept a school and housed visiting Greek scholars. His son Chaeremon, who was also a budding student of philosophy, had contracted a debilitating sickness that curved his spine and prevented him from walking, and Craton learned that the cleric had healed similar cases.
32 Children’s Books to Celebrate Valentine’s Day - WeAreTeachers
But when he arrived, Bishop Valentine first tried to persuade Craton to become a Christian. Craton, trained in Hellenistic philosophy [Greek philosophy during the period running from the death of Alexander the Great in BC to the end of the Roman Republic in 31 BC, known as the Hellenistic Age], found the tenets of Christianity to be illogical and ridiculous.
The debate dragged on as Chaeremon lay suffering and dying until Craton desperately struck a deal. Valentine then spent the night praying alone with Chaeremon. The next morning, Chaeremon appeared hale and hearty.
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Everyone, including Craton, his family, servants, and the visiting Greeks, accepted baptism. When the Roman senate got wind of the business they promptly arrested Valentine, had him beaten, and then decapitated. Unfortunately, Roman soldiers caught them and beheaded them as well. The third Valentinus, according to his vita, was a priest of Rome also arrested for preaching Christianity in the time of Claudius Gothicus [Roman emperor —].
As several modern scholars have pointed out, Claudius was hardly ever in Rome — he earned his name by fighting off invading Germanic barbarians up north — and he never ordered a persecution of Christians. Whatever the priest Valentinus did to annoy the government, he was supposedly hauled before Claudius and he took the opportunity to preach. Claudius sent Valentine into house arrest at the home of an aristocrat named Asterius, who was promised riches if he could subdue the priest with arguments against Christianity. Of course, Valentine began preaching the minute he arrived at the house, discoursing on Christ as the light of the world.
But Claudius soon found out and had them all thrown in prison.
Valentine was beheaded, along with several others who became renowned as martyrs. Neither written nor material evidence from the pre-medieval period associates any of these Valentines with love or lovers. Even when promoting their God, the two better-known Valentines never spoke in terms of affection but only faith and illumination. Pilgrims, lured by the legends, came to visit the graves of both Valentines for cures, not for love.
Some went to Bishop Valentine of Terni lying quietly in his Umbrian tomb outside the city of his birth. The celebration surrounding this day actually has roots in an ancient pagan festival that started centuries before Valentine was even alive. Held in Rome each February, part of the event focused on bringing new couples together. The pairs would stay together during the festival, and some would actually get married when the festival was over.
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After Pope Gelasius I created St. For example, in the Middle Ages—which lasted from the 5th to 15th centuries in Europe —people started exchanging handmade cards with love notes inside. In a tradition that's also tied to the Middle Ages, South African women actually wear their hearts on their sleeves In fact, the card is totally grossed out and escapes out the window.
As Leon races after his card, he hears advice from girls, boys, and teens. Somebody Loves You, Mr. Hatch a Valentine with a card that says someone loves him, it changes Mr. Hatch from a boring, drab man to be more interactive and interested in others and his life. But when the postman returns for the card, having delivered it to the wrong person, Mr. The cards are read, feelings are hurt, and Gilbert needs to fix his mistake. P i nkalicious Cupcake Cookbook by Victoria Kann Talk about truth in advertising — an absolutely pinked-up book of delicious sweet treats with ideas for cupcakes, cake pops, cakes and my favorite, character cupcakes from the Pinkalicous books!
My kids love getting these little books throughout the year. Vintage Valentines Press Out Book by Golden Books This is a sweet and nostalgic book that will transport you and your kids back in time. Free Printable Book Bucks. My kids loved Counting Kisses when they were little and so did I. Your email address will not be published. Comments My kids loved Counting Kisses when they were little and so did I.
Related Valentine’s Day is… The Story of Saint Valentine (Picture Book for Kids)
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